Global Private Equity Report 2021

Global Private Equity Report 2021

When we talk about private equity, the first thing that comes to mind is “capital.” Capital is the most critical factor in any business sector and can rightly be called the heartbeat of a company. Companies typically use private Equity investments to fund an expansion strategy or as a way to enhance their operations.


The investment capital received through private equity firms helps medium-sized businesses achieve new growth while keeping control of their operations. This relatively more stable form of financing is also more flexible than a bank loan when it comes to repayment structure and length of time allowed for returns on investments. Private equity funding usually has longer terms than typical bank loans, which typically start at three years, whereas private equity will have investment horizons ranging from 10 to 15 years.


These investments are usually initiated by private equity firms from various sources, including pension funds, endowments, hedge funds, and sovereign wealth funds. Personal equity investment vehicles include limited partnerships (LPs), which provide capital for venture capital and leveraged buyout transactions in exchange for an ownership share in the company being acquired or invested.


LPs receive returns on their investment when they cash out their original investment plus any profits made from that initial investment after some time has elapsed. Private equity investors choose private equity investments over other opportunities because their primary concern is getting higher returns than bank loans; this report examines how those same investors feel about private equity funding within the next five years.

Private equity helps produce strong companies, promotes innovation and spurs job growth. – Author: N. Robert Hammer

What Is Private Equity?

 Private equity is an alternative investment class and consists of capital that is not listed on a public exchange. Private equity is composed of funds and investors that directly invest in private companies or engage in buyouts of public companies, resulting in the delisting of public equity. Institutional and retail investors provide the capital for private equity. The money can be utilized to fund new technology, make acquisitions, expand working capital, and bolster and solidify a balance sheet.

 A private equity fund has Limited Partners (LP), who may be public pension funds or large institutions such as insurance companies – they are called Limited Partners because their liability has limits. The LP invests other people’s money into a fund that makes investments using it on behalf of the LP. The General Partners (GP) are responsible for overseeing investments and the fund’s operations, and they take a cut of profits alongside their capital contribution to the business. This ensures that GPs have an incentive to perform well.

 Private Equity Vs. Public Equity

 There are differences between private equity and public equity, so there is such a market for it today. For example, public companies can be traded on exchanges in their simplest form. In contrast, private ones can only be exchanged among high net individuals, institutions, or organizations in one-on-one transactions. In addition, private equity firms work differently from publicly listed corporations – they use more entrepreneurship strategies than conventional corporate management styles.

 Private equity firms often treat their portfolios as businesses, seeking to unlock value from longer-term holdings. In addition, private equity firms operate under distinctly short time horizons, whereas publicly listed companies have a much faster time frame and measure success based on quarterly performance. As a result, private equity is a type of asset class aiming primarily at long-term growth instead of the liquidity associated with traditional stock markets.

 Private Equity vs. Venture Capital

 One can distinguish between private equity and venture capital by looking at how each investment type achieves its goals and how such investments are structured and operated. For example, while private equity investors seek long-term ownership positions in underlying assets, venture capitalists invest in smaller business ventures, so they tend to be more interested in an active role in management.

 Private equity is an asset class in the private capital market. It is differentiated from venture capital by the amount of money invested, length of investment, and institutional involvement -. In contrast, venture capital involves fewer partners with less money involved for shorter periods; private equity involves more partners with a more considerable amount over a more extended period. In addition, private equity funds have varying structures, with some using separate accounts managed by professional fund managers while others use partnerships that include the private equity firm’s executives.

 Private Equity vs. Buyout Funds

 Looking at how investors make investments will help clarify whether they are making private equity or buyout investments. There may be several stages in a private equity investment that involve getting a company ready to go public again. These stages are generally referred to as invest, build and harvest. In a buyout deal, the target company is acquired to harvest cash flow or sell it for profit based on an increased equity value from what was initially paid.

 Private Equity vs. Buyouts

The main difference between private equity and buyouts involves the number of investors involved. Secret equity deals involve multiple investors, while buyouts involve only one party. Private equity firms looking at long-term growth usually have one or more partners who come alongside the investor. In contrast, there is no middleman in a buyout – just the corporation itself, which could be another private equity firm or business entity that wants to consolidate its holdings resulting in a significant transaction known as an acquisition where these two companies would become one.

 Buyout firms have no interest in ownership of the company. In contrast, private equity investors are interested in holding companies to control until the business cycle is ready for a sale or IPO. In a buyout deal, there would be one acquirer and one target. In contrast, private equity deals involve multiple parties looking at their portfolio as if it were a business – this could include other private equity firms. Private equity investments may take several rounds with different partners looking to maximize profitability, where most buyouts happen after just 2-3 games of investment.

 Private Equity vs. Venture Capital

The main difference between these two types of the capital comes down to how each is structured and managed. In venture capital, investor money is put into small businesses, which have an active role in management, while private equity funds concentrate mainly on large companies. This is why venture capital funds tend to revolve around one or two partners that manage the fund’s assets. On the other hand, private equity firms have a portfolio of investments and may even involve external managers to take care of individual investments.

Private equity firms vary in structure, but usually, they will recruit an investment team made up of experts (from investors to accountants) who can maximize profits from each company they invest in by using whatever strategy works best – this means there would be different strategies for companies with similar needs. However, if the demand is unique, the firm’s manager(s) may develop their custom strategy.

 Venture capital supports innovation, whereas private equity invests in established market leaders with proven track records. Venture capital firms will invest the money they have raised into businesses that are just starting and have not reached a stable point in their development cycle. In contrast, private equity firms seek companies that are already successful and can provide a steady flow of cash which also means there is more risk involved due to more negligible diversification of assets.

 Private Equity vs. Debt

 Another main difference between these two types of investment finance is whether or not there is any involvement from banks or other financial institutions – debt financing involves institutional bank loans. In contrast, private equity deals do not include banks because this type of finance only generates great returns when no credit lines are required for investment. In some cases, companies may take loans to acquire another company and then sell it off for more than the initial loan amount.

The structure of private equity deals involves limited partners with contractual rights, while debt financing does not give investors any rights to influence or monitor how a company is performing. Private equity firms will look out for themselves first before focusing on the needs of outside investors; whereas, banks will always try to protect their interests over those of the business taking loans from them. Other differences between these two types of finance involve risk level, time frame, leverage available, and funding options.

 Private Equity vs. Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A)

 When you compare private equity with mergers and acquisitions, you see similar themes – both are looking at companies’ buyout opportunities to make a profit. However, mergers and acquisitions are usually for companies that have already established themselves, while private equity is for start-up businesses, meaning private equity firms would not purchase a company using M&A; instead, they will utilize other strategies such as buyouts or mergers. Merger and acquisition involve the purchase of one firm by another company to boost overall value, operations, or market position; “mergers” involve combining two similar companies where their management team would keep their jobs, but there were still be shareholders involved.


 Merger – The merging of two companies into one entity, where both companies take on each other’s assets while one takes on all stockholders (if any) from the other business.Acquisition – A purchase of a firm or corporation by another company, in which one will own the other, and both companies take on each other’s assets.

 Private equity – involves buyout deals where third parties come in and purchase stock from shareholders with the intent of reselling this stake when the time is right. The company being acquired does not have to be sold first for private equity firms to optimize their profits. However, it is more common for private equity investors to pay top dollar upfront with hopes that they can sell for even more money later on.

A final difference between M&A & PE deals is how investors hold their shares/assets; In a Merger & Acquisition transaction, investors would have voting rights due to them holding actual stock in the company, while private equity investors are more passive they do not maintain voting rights. In addition, investors that deal with private equity have no say on how a company is run or why certain business decisions are made.

Private Equity Methods:

There are different strategies for private equity firms to utilize when attempting to gain an ownership stake in a potential acquisition target if a firm does not already own its shares; there will most likely be common elements between all tactics due to similar results being desired by both parties involved, but it also depends on whether the company is publicly traded – this could alter what strategy is best suited to maximize profit based on level of influence and legal requirements of each situation. However, if you take into account every possible scenario, you can break the strategies into four main categories: 

  1. Management Buyouts (MBO) – An MBO is when a private equity firm has already secured the shares of stock from shareholders in a publicly traded company and is now looking for ways to maximize profits. This would involve taking out loans to pay off current shareholders or selling certain assets to help get more money as part of an exit strategy; this type of deal allows private equity firms greater control by terminating shares owned by other investors on the board of directors.


  1. Strategic Buy-Outs (SBO) – A strategic buyout involves purchasing all or parts of a business based on price value analysis and then using existing management to run operations. Unlike MBOs, SBOs are more likely to involve purchasing companies that have already been sold on the public market and finding ways to maximize profits through an exit strategy to sell for even more profit.
  1. Leveraged Buyouts (LBO) – LBOs are typically used by private equity firms when acquiring a public company that will be run under private ownership where debt is used to finance 100% of the purchase price; or, it can also be part of any deal where equity financing is combined with debt financing. This type of financial structure allows private equity investors to access shares while still keeping control over certain aspects of operations; examples include strategic pricing decisions, allocation of capital expenditures, and choice of new products to produce.
  1. Leveraged Recapitalization – A leveraged recapitalization is a financial strategy that allows private equity firms to use their shares as collateral to receive loans to pay off any debt on an acquisition target and eliminate the need for new capital. Under this setup, the acquired company’s assets are used to guarantee loans that increase owner equity without putting in additional money; the funds generated from using debt financing are then re-invested into the business.

General Tips: 

  • Private Equity investment opportunities should not be taken seriously right away; they will require significant research before making a move due to how complicated investments can be depending on numerous factors that could influence margins for each deal.
  • Private equity investments can be broken into smaller sections when looking to negotiate a deal; this could include going after certain assets that have the potential to make high returns on their own or separately negotiating money owed by businesses related to an acquisition target.
  • With private equity, there is no such thing as a sure thing because of how complicated they are and how much investment capital is required; you should always ask yourself why you want to invest in something like private equity before jumping right in to avoid potentially high expenses if things do not go according to plan.
  • In every single situation where financing is used with private equity, the creditors will always take precedence over any shareholders; this means that any willing investors should be looking for ways to negotiate prices from creditors instead of buying a company that is already leveraged.
  • Every private equity deal will have several owners, also known as shareholders; this means that every owner will have a say in how the company is managed, and each owner’s get together will officially constitute as a board of directors meeting where decisions on everything related to the business can be discussed.
  • With private equity, there are multiple exit strategies; these include mergers and acquisitions (M&As), public offerings, debt-to-equity swaps, management buyouts (MBOs), or sales to strategic buyers like another private equity firm.
  • Before agreeing on any terms, make sure you clearly understand how the deal will be structured; this includes knowing which price you are paying and what debt the business is already obligated to.
  • In every single private equity situation where there is debt being used for financing, your involvement with the company could potentially be in trouble if payments cannot continue to come out on time; this means that even when negotiating a deal, it’s essential to make sure any current loans are getting paid off by businesses related to your acquisition target.
  • Private equity deals can range anywhere from $100 million up into the billions because of how much money is required for most transactions, but even deals with more significant amounts of capital available will still need outside investors due to how expensive they can be.
  • Private equity investment opportunities should not be taken seriously right away; they will require significant research before making a move due to how complicated investments can be depending on numerous factors that could influence margins for each deal.

It’s important to know what your end game is when investing in private equity and find the best possible way of achieving that outcome with the least amount of financial risk involved; this means you shouldn’t buy into anything unless there are no other alternatives available to help drive business towards growth. With private equity, it’s essential to get your numbers straight because even a slight miscalculation could potentially impact all future investments.

The reason why you should do as much research as possible before investing in private equity is that it could potentially save you many headaches later on down the road; this means before you make any big decisions that impact your business, running those ideas by an expert would be ideal for helping avoid future headaches. 

You should always start with a simple structure when first starting with private equity. Try not to get too complex with multiple layers of debt being used as leverage; instead, focus on ensuring everything is air-tight, structured right, and legally binding before moving forward. 

If you are planning on holding onto an investment for an extended period, then it’s important to have liquidity; this means having cash available in case something goes wrong during the course of business operations.

 If you’re investing in a private equity deal, then it’s crucial that you are comfortable with your debt load; this means understanding the overall financial impact of what could happen if the business cannot pay off creditors on time.

In most cases where there is an agreement being made between two or more parties, there will always be a legal contract drawn up beforehand; it’s your job as a private equity investor to protect yourself accordingly.

 If you have money invested into a private equity situation and see signs of trouble when researching the status of payments, make sure you act before things get out of hand because hesitation could result in losing everything.


In conclusion, private equity is somewhat of a complicated investment strategy because there are so many aspects that need to be researched beforehand and even more factors that could derail a whole deal. The main reason why private equity can be unwieldy at first is that it’s not something that can be “figured out” in a day or two like other types of investments, so doing your homework beforehand will provide you with the ability to avoid pitfalls before they become too big for you to handle.

There are numerous ways businesses have been using private equity to grow their overall brand value, which includes borrowing large amounts of capital through debt from banks and investors; this means that if the company does well, then they will pay off the loan with interest, and if the company does poorly then they will owe a lot more money than what was initially loaned, depending on how much debt leverage is present in the business model. 

The main thing you should always keep in mind when investing in private equity is that it can sometimes get complicated; this means ensuring that everything is structured correctly and legally binding, so there are no issues down the road with things falling apart due to contract breaches or legal disputes. 

The best way to approach any potential private equity deal is by investigating all possible outcomes before making a move to avoid unnecessary headaches from cropping up later on down the line; this means gaining as much information about an opportunity before making a move, such as direct contact with the business, direct contact with other investors and additional research if you feel that the information is missing from a particular situation. 

The first thing you should do to get started with private equity and gain more exposure to the market is by doing enough research because this will give you a firm foundation of knowledge when approaching any opportunity; this means having an understanding of what private equity is, how it works, why people invest into it and the legal aspects of everything involved. Then, after gaining as much exposure as possible to all parts of private equity, moving forward with your due diligence would be ideal for taking advantage of any opportunities that present themselves while also avoiding pitfalls along the way. For more information, reach out to me at (949) 333-7200 or at email

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